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Apophis, the penultimate Hyksos king, changed his titulary 3 times during his long reign. It is not known if these changes reflect different stages in his reign, or whether there were other political or religious motivations to do this. This does, however, seem to suggest a relatively long reign.

1. First part of his reign

From the earliest part of Apophis' reign, only the prenomen has survived.

Prenomen

 

nb xpS ra

Neb-khepesh-re ("Re is the lord of strength")

 

var.:

2. Second part of his reign

During the second stage of his reign, Apophis appears to have extended his titulary to include a Horus-name and his nomen. In addition, his prenomen was changed.

Horus-name

 

Hr sHtp tA.wj

Horus, who satisfies the Two Lands

Prenomen

 

aA qn n ra

Aa-qenen-re ("The strength of Re is great")

Nomen

 

ippi

Ipepi

3. Last stage of the reign

From the last stage of Apophis' reign, several variations of his prenomen and nomen have survived. It is interesting to note that again, the prenomen was changed, but that it remained a synonym of the previous prenomen.

Prenomen

 

var.

aA wsr ra

Aa-user-re ("The strength of Re is great")

 

HqA n Hw.t-war.t aA wsr ra

The ruler of Avaris, Aa-user-re.

Nomen

 

ippi

Ipepi

 

ipp

Ipep(i)

 

ippj-ra

Ipepiy-Re

Manetho

 

Africanus: Apophis

- Titulary -

  15th Dynasty   Titulary   Struggle between Seqenenre and Apophis
  Khiyan        
  Apophis        
  Khamudi        
             
             


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