- Discoveries in 2006 -




Discovery News
More finds along the avenue of sfinxes in Luxor 18 December 2006


The ongoing work to unearth the rest of the avenue of sfinxes that once linked the temple of Karnak with the temple of Luxor, has led to the discovery of a carving dated to the start of the 20th Dynasty erected by the high priest Bak-en-Khonsu to commemorate his overseeing of the construction of the main hal of a temple at the Karnak complex.
The stone onto which the text was carved measures 1m70 by 0m80 and also depicts Bak-en-Khonsu's family tree.

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Is there a doctor in the tomb? 6 December 2006


Egyptian archaeologists working in Saqqara in the tomb of a 6th Dynasty doctor named Qar, found a sarcophagus containing a mummy, but more important also some bronze surgical instruments.
Ancient Egyptian medicine is mainly known through some medical papyri, but the find of surgical instruments may help us gain better insights in the medical knowledhe of the Ancient Egyptians, which was impressive for its time.
The sarcophagus was found to be fractured on the right side, an indication that it may not originally have been intended for the mummy that it was found to contain. The question remains whether the mummy in indeed Qar's.

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New Kingdom temple unearthed in Sohag 5 December 2006


A farmer in the Middle Egyptian city of Sohag, some 500 kilometres south of Cairo, found the remains of a temple dated to the New Kingdom under his home.
More news does not appear to be available at this time.

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Several artefacts found at Deir el-Bahari 30 November 2006


Excavation works at the famous temple of queen Hatshepsut by a joint Egyptian-Polish mission, have led to the discovery of a large collection of pottery fragments, pieces of cartonnage and parts of a sarcophagus of a priest named Bani-mesu'.
The find covers many centuries of history at Deir el-Bahari and consists of numerous pieces of ostraca, pottery, ushabti figurines, papyri written in Coptic and fragments of a nemes headdress of king Thutmose III.

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Arrest leads to discovery of tombs at Saqqara 23 October 2006


False door of one of the newly discovered tombsReminiscient of the discovery of the royal cache at Deir el-Bahari in the late 19th century, the arrest of some tomb robbers has led to the discovery of three new tombs in Saqqara. The robbers "only" started looting the tombs a couple of months ago, so it can be hoped that the archaeological context has not been disturbed too much.
The three tombs can be dated back to the 5th Dynasty, and belonged to the chief dentist, Ir25 July, 2009o served as dentists to the ruling class. Although the tombs were built in mudbrick and are rather poor compared to other contemporary tombs that were found at Saqqara, it is significant that these three men were granted the right of burial in a necropolis that was mainy used by the royal families and the nobility. Perhaps this was intended as the ultimate honour for the three men, or perhaps it was just hoped that they would continue their good services to the ruling class in the afterlife.
Be that as it may, further discoveries in the tombs may perhaps help us to gain better insights in Ancient Egyptian dental care. (Photo: AP Photo/Ben Curtis).

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More statues found in Luxor 5 September 2006


The digs at the sphynx's avenue that once connected the temple of Luxor with the temple complex of Karnak, have yet again five complete Pharaonic statues and four statue heads.
The statues, all inscribed with hieroglyphs, are very well preserved.

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Five sphinx statues found in Luxor 24 August 2006


Five new sphinx statues have been discovered in Luxor. Measuring up to 120cm in length, the sphinxes were part of the avenue of ram headed sphinxes that connected the Luxor temple with the temple complex of Karnak.
The discovery is part of the excavation and works that are intended to restore the avenue to its former glory.
Archaeologists also found the ruins of a flower basin and a connecting gully near a road leading to Luxor's airport.

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Two sarcophagi found in Cairo 22 August 2006


A tomb with two limestone sarcophagi were accidentally discovered during extension works on a motorway in Cairo.

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A new tomb in the Valley of the Kings? 1 August 2006


Only months after the much publicised opening of KV63, which turned out to be an embalmer's cache rather than an actual tomb, radar scanning has revealed the presence of a large subterranean structure that could possibly be a new undiscovered tomb (KV64) in the Valley of the Kings.
As the radar scans are thusfar the only actual trace of the supposed tomb, it is much too early to theorise about the tomb's date and owner. There is some speculation that KV63 was the embalmer's cache for KV64, but only a full excavation of KV64 can show if indeed it was related to KV63.
The archaeologists in charge of the radar scanning are now considering the best way to proceed with the research. To be continued?

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Two Saite sarcophagi found in Giza 26 June 2006


Two sarcophagi, dated to the late 26th Dynasty, have been found, one inside the other, at about 1 kilometer to the South of the famous site of Giza. The larger sarcophagus is covered with texts and identifies its owner as Neb-ra-khatu.
The mummy inside the inner sarcophagus appears to be fairly well preserved. (Photo: Egyptology blog)

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Egypt to excavate submerged Roman city 23 May 2006


The Supreme Council of Antiquities of Egypt has given permission to start the exploration of a submerged city some 35km East of Suez. The city appears to date to the Roman Period . Remains of several buildings, including a fortress were found, along with ancient coins, bronze vases and some pottery.

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Golden cartouches and the Hatshepsut debate 21 April 2006


The ongoing debate about the relationship between Hatshepsut and her nephew/stepson Thutmosis III has been rekindled by the find 9 sets of cartouches of both rulers, near the famous obelisks that Hatshepsut had erected in the temple of Karnak.
Contrary to popular belief, this find, along with several reliefs showing both rulers together, as is the case in the famous Red Chapel of Hatshepsut, clearly makes the case for both kings being co-rulers, rather than Hatshepsut trying to rid herself of her deceased husband's son. The attack on Hatshepsut's monuments years after she disappeared from the political playgrounds, and usually blamed on Thutmosis III, seem to have lost an important motive.

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New room found in Luxor Tomb 31 March 2006


An Egyptian-Spanish team unearthed a hall in a tomb at Zira Abu al-Naga, on the Westbank at Luxor. The tomb is believed to have been built for an official who may have been responsible for the building of several monuments during the reign of Hatshepsut. It is hoped that this new find may yield some information on how the Ancient Egyptians dug their tombs and built their temples.

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Oldest Wooden Statues and brewery found in the Nile Delta 22 March 2006


A Polosh team found two wooden statues, believed to date from between 3700 to 3200 BCE in the northern Nile Delta region of Daqahliya. The statues, measuring 75cm and 40cm in height, represent two nude men, their eyes laid in with precious stone. The purpose or meaning of the statues is as yet unclear.
The team also found warehouses and tombs in the same region, pointing to this area being inhabited during the Pre-dynastic era. Among the buildings that were unearthed, the remains of the largest Pre-dynastic brewery have been found. Beer, brewed from bread, was a highly nutritional drink that played an important part in the administration of Ancient Egypt. The mass-production beer often points to the existance of a central administration through which the ruling elite controlled the population.

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17 Statues of Sekhmet found at Luxor 13 March 2006


One of the 17 newly discovered statues of SekhmetDuring restoration works at the Amun temple at Luxor, 17 statues of the lion-headed goddess Sekhmet were found.
Inscriptions on the statues date them to the reign of the 18th Dynasty king Amenhotep III, who not only built the temple at Luxor (except for the first court and pylon), but who also commissioned several hundreds similar statues of Sekhmet.
(Photo: Egyptology blog)

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A Monumental Sun Temple at Heliopolis (Ain Shams, Cairo) 1 March 2006


The bottom part of a statue of Ramesses IIDuring a routine inspection, a joint Egyptian-German team found the ruins of a temple dedicated to the solar cult in Ain Shams, ancient Heliopolis, a suburb located in the northeast of Cairo.
Among the finds were the remains of several collosal statues, said to closely resemble similar statues of Ramesses II. Other fragments were found inscribed with the cartouches of Ramesses II, confirming that he was at least a major contributor to this newly discovered Sun Temple. Small blocks bearing the name of Nefertiti, the principal wife of Akhenaten, could indicate that the heretic king once may have built a house of worship for his god Aten at or near this location. (Photo: National Geographic)
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Oldest remains of sea ships found at Red Sea Coast 27 February 2006

A joint team of archaeologists from the university of Boston and Naples unearthed the world's oldest remains of sea ships and cargo goods from the land of Punt. Archaeologists found five rock-cut rooms that served as storage for nautical equipment.
Two well-preserved oars and pottery dated to the 14th century BC may have been used during Hatshepsut's expedition to Punt, which, thusfar, was only known from the inscriptions in Hatshepsut's funerary temple at Deir el-Bahari. Other inscribed material bears the full titulary of Amenemhat III, hinting at the possibility that the caves were already used for expeditions to Punt long before Hatshepsut's day and age.

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Late Dynastic tomb found at Deir el-Bahari 22 February 2006

The Polish team that has been working on the restoration and study of the temples and tombs at Deir el-Bahari for several decades already, has re-discovered a 25th Dynasty tomb in the upper terrace of the funerary temple of Hatshepsut. The tomb was built for a vizier named Padiamun, who died in the 27th year, probably of Piye. The tomb, consisting of an 8m deep shaft and a burial chamber, was found to have been plundered.

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KV63 - A new tomb in the Valley of the Kings 10 February 2006

One of the coffins found inside KV63Archaeologists found a shaft near the tomb of Amenmes (KV10) on which they were working, at less than 15m south of the famous tomb of Tutankhamun (KV62). The shaft was hidden beneath debris the remains of the huts of the workers that built KV10, meaning that it had not been entered since the reign of Amenmes.
At the bottom of the shaft, an entrance to an undecorated burial chamber, containing several coffins and large offering vases were discovered, making it the 63rd tomb (KV63) to have been found in the Valley of the Kings.
Definitely predating Amenmes of the mid-19th Dynasty, the wooden coffins can tentatively be dated to the second half of the 18th Dynasty. (Photo: National Geographic)

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Statue of Queen Tiyi found in Karnak 27 January 2006

A team from the John Hopkins University found an almost as good as intact statue of Queen Tiyi, the principal wife of Amenhotep III and mother of Akhenaten while working in the temple of Mut at Karnak
The very badly damaged temple of Mut is located south of the great temple of Amun at Karnak. An ally of sphinxes once connected the 10th Pylon of the temple of Amun with the entrance of the Mut temple. This temple is accepted to have been the original location of the lifesize stone statues of the goddess Sekhmet.
The newly found statue, of which only a leg is missing and an arm broken, is about 1m60 high. It represents Queen Tiyi standing, wearing a wig and a triple-uraeus. The triple-uraeus is very exceptional in Ancient Egypt and stresses the very high status of Tiyi during the reign of her husband. (Photo: al-Ahram)

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